Canada’s population growth over the the past half decade has been largely driven by immigration, according to 2021 census data.
The newly-released findings reveal Canada grew about twice as fast as other G7 countries, which include France, Germany, Italy, Japan, U.K. and U.S.
Canada is now home to nearly 37 million people. Immigration, not fertility, drove Canada’s population growth. Four out of five of the 1.8 million people added to the population were either temporary residents or immigrants with permanent status. The remaining population growth was due to natural increase (the difference between births subtracted by deaths).
Immigration continues to be the main driver of population growth for most provinces and territories.
Urban centres grew faster than rural areas because immigrants are far more likely to settle in cities.